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 Tamils Join Sikhs And Malayalees

Celebrate The Indian New Year

 

In Malaysia and Singapore, Tamils join Sikhs, Malayalees and Bengalis to celebrate the traditional New Year in mid-April with leaders across the political spectrum wishing the ethnic Indian community for the New Year. Special religious events are held in Hindu temples, in Tamil community centers and Gurudwaras. Cultural programs and media events also take place. It’s a day of celebration for the Indian community. Before celebrating, make it sense by understanding the Tamil New Year.

Tamil New Year is the celebration of the first day of the Tamil new year in mid-April by Tamil people who residing around the world especially in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India, in Sri Lanka and by the Tamil population in Malaysia, Singapore, Réunion and Mauritius. On this day, Tamil people greet each other by saying Happy Tamil New Year.

Tamil New Year is the celebration on every year on the 14th of April by people who residing around the world especially in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India, in Sri Lanka and by the Tamil population in Malaysia, Singapore, Réunion and Mauritius. This is the month of Chitterai, the first month of the Hindu solar calendar. On the eve of Puthandu, a tray arranged with three fruits as mango, banana and jack fruit, betel leaves and coconut, gold or silver jewelry, coins or money, flowers and a mirror are placed. This is to be viewed upon waking in the morning.

Hence, the Tamil calendar begins on the same date observed by most traditional calendars in India as in Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Manipur, Mithila, Odisha, Punjab, Tripura etc. not to mention Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The 60-year cycle is ancient and is observed by most traditional calendars of India and China, and is related to 5 revolutions of Jupiter, or to 60-year orbit of Nakshatras, the stars as described in the Surya Siddhanta.

The 60 year cycle comes by 5 revolutions of Jupiter and 2 revolutions of Saturn. The relative position of Jupiter and Saturn in one particular year will be repeated after 60 years. The 60 year cycle was essentially conceived for predicting the climate of a particular year, as the relative position of the two major planets, Jupiter and Saturn, is recognized for its alleged impact on climate.

The traditional Tamil year starts on 14 April 2015, Kaliyuga 5117. Vikrama and Shalivahana Saka eras are also used. There are several references in early Tamil literature of the April new year. Nakkirar, the author of the Nedunalvaadai writes in the 3rd century that the Sun travels from Mesha or Chitterai through 11 successive Raasis or signs of the zodiac. Kūdalūr Kizhaar in the 3rd century refers to Mesha Raasi or Chitterai as the commencement of the year in the Puranaanooru. The Tolkaapiyam is the oldest surviving Tamil grammar that divides the year into six seasons where Chitterai marks the start of the Ilavenil season or summer. The 8th century Silappadikaaram mentions the 12 Raasis or zodiac signs starting with Mesha or Chitterai. The Manimekalai alludes to the Hindu solar calendar as we know it today. Adiyarkunalaar, an early medieval commentator or Urai-asiriyar mentions the 12 months of the Tamil calendar with particular reference to Chitterai. There were subsequent inscriptional references in Pagan, Burma dated to the 11th century CE and in Sukhothai, Thailand dated to the 14th century CE to South Indian, often Vaishnavite, courtiers who were tasked with defining the traditional calendar that began in mid-April.

iTimes.My would like to convey our warm heart wishes of Indian New Year 2015.

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